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Municipal drug strategies





"Drug use, frontline services and local policies - A guide for elected officials".

This guideline was written by Anne Coppel, a French sociologist with the support of Susanne Schardt (DE), Elham Kashefi (UK) and Thierry Charlois (FR).

The aim of this guide is to identify common characteristics amongst the varying methods employed by local communities in dealing with drug problems. This approach is based on principles common to all urban policies:
To promote an integrated policy (public health, law enforcement, social cohesion).
To develop responses that can be adapted to local problems and available resources.
To strengthen cooperation amongst key actors (local councils, county councils, national government, public services and the private sector, NGOs and citizens).

The main levels approached in the guide are:

The role of locally elected officials.

Building partnerships.

Local assessment.

Building a local strategy.

Evaluation of local initiative.

For a strategy of change.



"Séminaire franco-allemand sur les politiques locales intégrées en matière de drogues - Documentation et recommandations".

This guide, written by Susanne Schardt (DE), is the output of the French-German seminar organised in September 2007 in Paris (see above).
The 10 involved cities exchanged their practices and have produced recommendations which are presented in the guide.

The recommendations concern:

The mobilization of existing networks.
The involvement of the citizens in the plannification and decision making process.
The communication strategy.
The involvement of the target groups in the responses.
The conditions of organising meetings.

Safer nightilife





"A European proposition to promote safer nightlife and share good practice".

This guide for Safer Nightlife was developed, between 2005 and 2007 within the Democracy, Cities & Drugs project as a result of a series of meetings and seminars involving service providers, local administrations and experts from 13 European countries. These partners’ experience and understanding of their local nightlife dynamics, drugs use and the policies and practices that are effective in ensuring safer nightlife, are shared in this guide.

The topics approached in the guide are:
“Safer Nightlife” - Values and Principles of Good Practice
The involvement in a Safer Nightlife project
Developing Safer Nightlife Projects
Partnership working
Resources and skills
Success and sustainability
Good practice examples
Networking to share good practices

Drug services





"L’intégration dans leur environnement des structures accueillant des Usagers de Drogues".

The topics approached in the guidelines are:
Elements of context;
Methodology of democratic responses
Democracy as a tool for integration of services, integration of services as a vector of democracy.
Strategies for implementation of services.

Treatment professionals meet policy makers





"Meeting between professionals working in the drug fields and local policy makers: A possible pathway".

Based on the described models of relationship between treatment professionals and policy makers used among the initial partner cities, the guide shows that:

the interaction between treatment and care workers and policy makers is indispensable for effective interventions in the drugs field
local intervention plans with regard to both health and social aspects must be integrated Interventions on drugs made separately from general and social health choices would be meaningless
to ease this integration, it is necessary to determine the most suitable permanent form
the forms of interaction should not only make the determination and adoption of local plans easier, but also the criteria for distribution of resources and the most suitable forms for monitoring of plans without effective and permanent interaction, various negative consequences could arise. For example interventions could be completely ineffective, work could be duplicated, resources insufficiently allocated and needs not met.

Integrative approach













"Integrative approach at the local level: Impact on treatment".

The guidelines show the objectives and aims of integrative approach and the impact of such a process in practical terms and on treatment:
Treatment facilities have to be connected and interact to the benefit of their clients.
Regular contact not only in between treatment facilities but also with facilities providing harm reduction strategies general practitioners and therapists providing outpatient treatment are essential to better understand the motivational needs of the clients.
Drug users have become a very heterogeneous population regarding age, social status, health status and consumption patterns. Treatment facilities have to consider this fact and develop flexible programs which fit the client s personal needs. Input from the prevention side, harm reduction side but also from the side of users' organizations should be involved in the process to optimize strategies to the user's needs.
As therapeutic measures instead of prison sentences have proved highly successful regular communication between treatment providers and representatives of the justice system , especially the judges from the drug courts are essential to optimize strategies and in general work into the same direction.
Treatment of drug addiction is a long process needing several interventions at different levels regarding the changing psycho- social and motivational situation of the user. Therefore continuity of care is essential and implicates regular contact between providers and a functional referral system overcoming concurrency and fear of financial losses. Especially abstinence based facilities and substitution providers have to intensively cooperate if both directions do not exist in the same facility.
The reintegration in the job market as well as appropriate housing is essential to stabilize the positive effects of successful therapies. Therefore services from the job market as well as institutions providing assistance in housing have to be integrated in the treatment program. Together education strategies should be developed to increase the chances of the clients in the job market.
The positive outcome of treatment has to be communicated to the local authorities as well as to the community.
Treatment facilities have to network to strengthen these promotion efforts.







"Methodological Guidelines".

This guide provides a methodology to promote community partnerships as tools to enhance community mobilization and social participation in response to drug-related issues and is based on a set of best processes and competencies.
These competencies and best processes are:

1.Assess community needs and resources.
2.Analyze problems & goals.
3.Develop a framework or model for change.
4.Develop strategic and action plans.
5.Create and maintain coalitions and partnerships.
6.Building leadership.
7.Develop an intervention.
8.Increase participation and membership.
9.Enhance cultural competence.
10.Evaluate the initiative.
11.Advocate for change.
12.Influence policy development.
13.Implement a social marketing effort.
14.Improve organizational management and development.
15.Sustain the work or initiative.



"Ethical statement for local and integrated partnerships on drugs issues".

Guidelines in English, Spanish, Italian, French, Russian and German. This ethical statement aims to support the concerned stakeholders to work together on common ethical basis within integrated partnerships on drugs issues.

The statement is composed of:
A chapter on general concepts at the level of individuals, organisations and policies;
A declaration of principles in 12 specific points;
A glossary;
A bibliography.

Race equality







"T3E/DC&D Race Equality Action Points’ Guidelines". .
The working group has produced a revised and updated version of a series race equality action points produced by T3E on the basis of original research carried out across various EU countries during 1995 -97. These are clustered around three inter-linked nodes: employment, services and democratisation. The points are not exhaustive; they can and should be refined over the course of the European wide practice of this project. The action points provide a practical framework within which the question of the full, substantive participative involvement of racial minorities can be addressed. They are grounded in the need for the European Community's constituent countries to meet their obligations contained in the EC Directive on Race and thus for relevant welfare systems, to address marginalisation through consideration of three areas:
The legislative context.
The role of the public sector.
Equality actions as the bedrock for good organisational practice.
The race equality action points' guidelines provide a minimum baseline means for the major stakeholders in the drug services configurations to begin to put together appropriate action packages which will enable the needs of visible minority drug users to be taken on board. The specific and relevant race equality action point dimensions to municipal drug strategies and safer dance, two of the founding working parties in the DC&D project, demonstrate the way in which the appropriate component of the action points can be disaggregated and re-aggregated to form relevant action plans. With both, what is key is the need to locate such action in the wider questions and considerations that need to be asked and developed.

Central & Eastern Eu Countries




"Basic principles & components for effective local drug policy as a public health priority in new EU member states".

The aim of the guide is to identify common characteristics in the methods employed by local communities to deal with drug problems. Mentioned approaches are based on principles common to all urban policies:
To promote a complete and coherent policy, which will meet the aims of protecting health and ensuring security and social cohesion.
To develop responses adapted to the local situation, as much to the nature of the problems as to the resources available to respond to them.
To strengthen cooperation and the sense of responsibility of the bodies involved, such as local councils, county councils, the local government, public services and the private sector, NGOs and citizens.
The guidelines set out are intended to help cities develop and implement a comprehensive policy framework that is appropriate to their own needs, priorities and resources.
This publication must be seen rather as brief guide than a sufficient operational manual for immediate delivery of the local drug policy.
Some of the results from the "Rapid assessment study among representatives from new EU member countries", participating in the project Democracy, cities and Drugs can also be found.
As the level of development in participating cities (countries) vary from "any drug policy" to "sufficient local policy", most of the statements presented are not valid over all the regions or countries, thus must be taken rather as an example than a typical situation.